Baxter, Richard

(1615-1691)
   Divine scholar and controversialist, was b. of poor, but genteel, parents at Rowton in Shropshire, and although he became so eminent for learning, was not ed. at any university. Circumstances led to his turning his attention to a career at court under the patronage of the Master of the Revels, but a short experience of this sufficed; and giving himself to the Christian ministry, he was ordained in 1638, and, after being master of a school at Dudley, exercised his ministry successively at Bridgnorth and Kidderminster. His learning and capacity for business made him the leader of the Presbyterian party. He was one of the greatest preachers of his own day, and consistently endeavoured to exert a moderating influence, with the result that he became the object of attack by extremists of opposing views. Though siding with the Parliament in the Civil War, he opposed the execution of the King and the assumption of supreme power by Cromwell. During the war he served with the army as a chaplain. On the return of Charles II., B. was made one of his chaplains, and was offered the see of Hereford, which he declined, and his subsequent request to be allowed to return to Kidderminster was refused. He subsequently suffered persecution at the hands of Judge Jeffreys. After the Revolution he had a few years of peace and quiet. His literary activity was marvellous in spite of ill-health and outward disturbance. He is said to have written 168 works, the best known of which are The Saints' Everlasting Rest (1650), and Call to the Unconverted (1657), manuals of practical religion; and, among his controversial writings, Methodus Theologiæ (1681), and Catholic Theology (1675), in which his theological standpoint--a compromise between Arminianism and Calvinism--is set forth. Dr. Isaac Barrow says that "his practical writings were never mended, and his controversial seldom confuted," and Dean Stanley calls him "the chief English Protestant schoolman." B. left an autobiography, Reliquiæ Baxterianæ, which was a favourite book with both Johnson and Coleridge. Other works by him are The Life of Faith (1670), Reasons of the Christian Religion (1672), and Christian Directory (1675). Practical Works in 23 vols. (1830) edited with memoirs by W. Orme, also Lives by A.B. Grosart (1879), Dean Boyle (1883), and J.H. Davies (1886).

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Baxter, Richard — (1615–91)    Poet and Devotional Writer.    Baxter was a native of Shropshire. In 1638 he was ordained to the Church of England ministry and he served congregations in Bridgnorth and Kidderminster. He fought on the Parliamentary side in the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Baxter, Richard — ▪ English minister born November 12, 1615, Rowton, Shropshire, England died December 8, 1691, London  Puritan minister who influenced 17th century English Protestantism. Known as a peacemaker who sought unity among the clashing Protestant… …   Universalium

  • Baxter, Richard — ► (1615 91) Teólogo puritano inglés. Defendió la libertad religiosa durante los reinados de Carlos II y Jacobo II …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BAXTER, RICHARD —    an eminent Nonconformist divine, native of Shropshire, at first a conformist, and parish minister of Kidderminster for 19 years; sympathised with the Puritans, yet stopped short of going the full length with them; acted as chaplain to one of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BAXTER, Richard — (1615 1691)    English PURITAN divine whose work The Saints Everlasting Rest (1650) is considered a SPIRITUAL classic. His Reformed Pastor (1656) was taken as a model for the ministry in REFORMED Churches while his Christian Directory (1673) gave …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Baxter — Baxter, Richard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard Reeve Baxter — (* 14. Februar 1921 in New York City; †  25. September 1980 in Boston) war ein amerikanischer Jurist, der insbesondere im Bereich des Völkerrechts tätig war. Er wirkte von 1959 bis 1979 als Professor an der Harvard University und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Baxter (théologien) — Richard Baxter Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Baxter (homonymie). Richard Baxter Richard Baxter, 1615 1691, théologien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BAXTER (R.) — BAXTER RICHARD (1615 1691) Pasteur et théologien anglais dont le ministère et les écrits ont joué un rôle important dans la vie des Églises de son pays au XVIIe siècle, durant les guerres civiles et sous la République et la restauration. Né à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Richard Baxter — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Baxter (homonymie). Richard Baxter Richard Baxter, 1615 1691, théologien anglais non conformiste. Il prit parti pour …   Wikipédia en Français

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